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What Is A Full Size Mattress?

What Is A Full Size Mattress?

We spend over a 1/3 of our lives in bed so when it comes to buying a mattress and a bed, size really does matter. Be it Super King Size, King Size, Double or Single everybody has their own preference.

The word mattress is derived from the Arabic maṭraḥ which literally means ‘something thrown down or ‘a place where something is thrown down’ hence the terms mat and cushion. As far back as the crusades Europeans soon adopted the Arabic method of making a bed from cushions and sleeping on the floor. The word ‘materas’ eventually ventured into the English language and has now become what we know as today as mattress. And the oldest known mattress dates to around 77,000 years ago.

According to Bed Advice UK It is recommended that you change your mattress every 7 years 

Size Matters When Buying a Mattress

Here are the sizes of beds and mattress available on the UK

Bed/Mattress Size

Dimensions (feet)

Dimensions (cms)

Small Single

2’6” x 6’3”

75 x 190 cm


3’0” x 6’3”

90 x 190 cm

Small Double (Queen)

4’0” x 6’3”

120 x 190 cm


4’6” x 6’3”

135 x 190 cm

King Size

5’0” x 6’6”

150 x 200 cm

Super King Size

6’0” x 6’6”

180 x 200 cm


What’s Inside A Mattress

Early mattresses used a variety of materials including straw, feathers and even horsehair. During the Industrial Revolution the first bed coils were invented (and patented in 1865 by inventor Samuel Kettle). Whilst Inner-sprung mattresses with upholstered bases came about in the 1930s, and foam mattresses made their first appearance in the 1950s.

The modern mattress can be made from;

  • Foam

 Including memory foam, gel memory foam, polyurethane foam, and viscoelastic foam (also         known as "rebounded foam")

  • Polyester Batting

Used as a filling in pillowtop mattresses and mattress covers.

  • Wool

Can be found in some mattresses for extra padding and temperature regulation.

  • Cotton

Used both inside and outside of the mattress

  • Adhesives

Used to bond the layers, materials and seams together.

  • Flame Retardants

All mattresses since 2007 have to contain or be treated by a flame retardent

  • Steel Coils

Either formed as open coils or individually wrapped coils (pocketed coils), these establish firm a support at the base of the mattress

Mattress Sections

A conventional mattress consists of two primary sections – a core otherwise known as the support layer and the upholstery otherwise known as the comfort layer which is wrapped in a thick fabric called believe it or not the ticking. This basically cotton or linen that is tightly woven to prevent any of the inner layers from poking through the fabric. It’s used to cover mattresses and bed pillows. The upholstery layer consists of three parts: the insulator, the middle upholstery, and the quilt.

So What is a Full Size Mattress?

A full size mattress in the UK is otherwise known as the double mattress, the most popular choice of mattress in the UK.  A double or full size mattress does sound like a bed for two people to share, and once upon a time, it was. Many decades ago, double or full beds were the mattress choice for couples, but this is partly due to the lack of other sized beds and mattresses at the time, but now with the various sizes available the double or full size mattress has some serious competition. So our great range of mattresses here

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